W e all know that children have individual personalities of their own and that everyone learns differently. Some of us are more hands on than others, some prefer the abstract world, and some would like tangible puzzles to solve. Let’s take a look at some different personality combinations in children based off of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI). Knowing your child’s personality type will help you figure out the teaching philosophy that suits her best. After an overview of different personality traits, you’ll see a list of teaching philosophy options and how they best match your child’s traits.
Essentially, there are four letters that go into making up an MBTI personality type and each of these letters corresponds to one of four categories.
One can either be:
– extroverted or introverted
– sensing or intuitive
– thinking or feeling
– judging or perceiving
Extroversion, iNtuition, Thinking, and Perceiving give me my type as ENTP. But what do all of these letters mean?
Below is a list of personality traits (identified by letters), try to recognize which letter in each set describes your child best. Keep in mind that it can be very difficult to assign all four letters, so even if you can only pick one, it’s a good start!
- Is your child introverted or extroverted?
(E) Extroversion: Extroverts tend to have a marked tendency towards interacting with and being very expressive about their thoughts and feelings; may be dramatic or over-reactive.
(I) Introversion: Introverts tend to focus on an inner world; process and internalize information, will likely prefer to work alone rather than in a group; slow to approach people.
- Is your child intuitive or sensing?
(N) Perceive world through patterns, connections, may not always be aware; aloof.
(S) Perceive world through five senses, like facts, uses common sense.
- Is your child more of thinking or feeling type?
(T) Things must make sense to them, may be preoccupied with winning or being right.
(F) Will have a tendency to be less composed and enjoy harmony over disruption.
- Is your child perceiving or judging?
(J) Take information in, process it and draw conclusions, typically neater, prefer structure and regulations. Do not like fast change or unexpected routine changes. Planners.
(P) Take information in and likely create with it, typically messier, and like to take their time; likes a flexible schedule.
Now that we’ve put at least a few letters together, let’s go through the different personality types.
The Rationals: Let’s keep calm and carry on
- The Puzzle-Solver (INTJ) “I want to figure this problem out, no matter what.”
Young INTJs are perfectionists who always wonder “why.” INTJs are independent, focused, serious and intense. When given a problem to solve, INTJ will attack it relentlessly until they understand it. They want to be intellectually stimulated and may find themselves debating with others on ideas.
- The Leader (ENTJ) “I’ll show you how to do this efficiently.”
Young ENTJs are systemic and concerned with being right and tend to find themselves in positions of leadership, whether they choose to be in that role or not. ENTJs are careful, orderly, and methodical. They dislike arbitrary rules and regulations.
- The Scientist (INTP) “I looked to the stars and wondered how they were formed.”
Young INTPs tend to keep to themselves and are typically focused on the abstract world, be it writing and literature, science, or art. They like to discover new facts and think about possibilities.
- The Inventor (ENTP) “I just discovered a new mushroom!”
Young ENTPs dislike following or being ordered around. They enjoy getting reactions out of people (even out of teachers) and may talk loud or fast. If a rule doesn’t make sense to them, they will likely break it and wonder why they got in trouble.
The Artisans: Let’s discover the physical world
- The Tinkerer (ISTP) “I took apart a watch today and almost got it back together.”
Young ISTPs are curious problem solvers and tend to focus much on logic. They are independent, unstructured and shy, and may be easily pushed around. They tend to enjoy working with physical puzzles like Legos.
- The Go-Getter (ESTP) “Look at how fast I can run!”
Young ESTPs are very gregarious and frequently athletic. Although they can be extremely competitive, they also want everyone to get along even when they want an established “winner” and “loser.” They value teamwork immensely and like making an impact with their accomplishments.
- The Artist (ISFP) “Sometimes, I prefer to be alone and express myself through art.”
Young ISFPs tend to keep to themselves and focus on concrete forms of expression; they typically greatly enjoy finger painting, talking with one or two friends, and going on calm walks. Disharmony upsets them greatly, although they might not express their discomfort immediately.
- The Impact-Seeker (ESFP) “I bet you I can squirt milk out my nose!”
ESFPs are spontaneous, unstructured and flamboyant. They love to get reactions out of people and will typically be the “class clown.” They are good natured, naturally love people and focus on in-the-moment sensations. They typically prefer hands-on, creative and collaborative group activities.
The Guardians: Let’s keep order
- The Dutiful (ISTJ) “But the rules say…”
Young ISTJs are quiet, dutiful, and don’t like treading on toes (unless someone is doing the wrong thing). They enjoy concrete facts and specific feedback. They can be very sensitive and closed to experimenting as they tend to prefer using established methods.
- The Manager (ESTJ) “This worked before, why won’t it work now?”
Young ESTJs tend to adopt positions of managing others willfully. They tend to think they have the best system for doing things “right” and have a natural ability for seeing what has worked in the past and what hasn’t.
- The Nurse (ISFJ) “I’ll take care of anyone, because everyone deserves to feel good.”
Young ISFJs are typically very concerned with how other people feel. If another child gets hurt, an ISFJ will likely be the first to be quietly on the scene, attending to the wounds (physical or emotional). They tend to do their duty to their peers and be on their way.
- The Cheerleader (ESFJ) “You can do it! I believe in you!”
Young ESFJs thrive on everyone getting along harmoniously. They tend to like gossiping and can accidentally hurt other people’s feelings, although they don’t try to. When they discuss others, they view their information as factual. They like to cheer others on and see them to success.
The Idealists: Let’s keep the peace
- The Protector (INFJ) “Sometimes, my fantasies seem more real than real-life.”
Young INFJs are very quiet, dreamy individuals. They may not always be aware of what is going on around them because they are so focused on their individual perception of the world. They will likely develop a very strong emotional attachment to a few things and people, and protect them no matter the cost.
- The People-Pleaser (ENFJ) “Let’s not fight, please.”
Young ENFJs are inherent people-pleasers who do not like criticism that can be construed as offensive. They are very sensitive to others’ wants, are warm and caring, and will typically have a large circle of friends with whom they make sure to always feel comfortable and secure.
- The Dreamer (INFP) “I wrote a poem for you today about my feelings.”
Young INFPs are a shy, dreamy and sensitive group. They tend to be very peaceful, and prefer one-on-one contact and discussion. They like activities and communication to be consistent with their value and prefer cooperation over competition.
- The Creator (ENFP) “I stapled a giraffe to some stars because maybe animals can go to space one day.”
Young ENFPs tend to have a diverse, large group of friends and like to fantasize about all kinds of things. They like harmony and exploring new people. It’s been said that an ENFP has never met a stranger. They will typically use their large imaginations to create wonderful works of art.
It is important to also identify other values such as the child’s need to:
- Get along with others in harmony (especially “feelers”)
- Have healthy competition (commonly seen in extroverted thinkers or ExTx’s)
- Have a project or puzzle-based learning environment (common in Rationals, Idealists, and Artisans)
- Have a structured environment (Guardians)
- Have concrete information relayed to them and sensory activities to participate in (common in Artisans and Guardians)
So now that you have (hopefully) established your child’s personality type, what method works the best for them?
Montessori and Play-Based Methods: iNtuitives and Creative Artisans
If your child is an intuitive (INTJ, ENTP, etc.), or a creative Artisan (ISTP, ESTP, ISFP, ESFP), it is important to place them in an environment where they can solve problems at their own pace. Testing child’s capabilities through solving problems will also make them feel more accomplished.
Extroverts and introverts alike thrive in play-based environments, although introverts in particular do well as they have a high need for one-on-one contact. There is just enough interaction in a Montessori school that the young introverts will be socialized, and extroverts will be satisfied and still able to focus on work.
Academic and Traditional Methods: Guardians and Practical Artisans
Most children learn better through play and hands-on activities than through rigid learning; however, there are benefits to the more traditional styles of learning for SJs (ESTJs, ISFJs, etc.), who like order, structure, and predictability. Some SPs (ISTPs, ESFPs, etc.), who are concrete, factual learners may also benefit from traditional academic methods.
This particular method has a lot of stability (which is necessary for the young Guardian to feel secure) and has enough practical application that all sensors (ESFPs, ISTJs, ISTPs, etc.), will feel a degree of satisfaction. It is important to remember that Artisans can fall into either category of method, and it is important to establish whether they are more creative and hands-on or practical and factual.
Remember that every child is an individual, and that it is important to take the time to assess their individual needs and wants. As a parent, it can be hard to understand a child who is very different from you, but hopefully the information provided in this post will help you better assess your child and put them into a learning environment that will allow them to learn the best while still enjoying themselves.